HK International Airport
The HK International airport is the main airport in Hong Kong. It is known as Chek Lap Kok Airport because it was built on the island of Chek Lap Kok. The HK International Airport, which was opened in 1998, is the center hub for people traveling to and from the mainland China. This airport operates one of the world’s largest passenger terminal buldings that is opened 24 hours a day.
The HK International Aiport has won many awards since opening in 1998. It has won seven Skytrax World Airport Awards, which are awards given to airports for the best flight reviews, flight checks, and satisfaction surveys. The HK International airport is ranked as the twelveth busiest airport in the world with 47,898,000 people moving through the airport a year. It was also the second busiest in the world for most cargo travel through with a total of 3,656,724 tons of cargo.
There are 85 international airlines providing about 800 scheduled passenger and all-cargo flights each day between Hong Kong and some 150 destinations worldwide. About 76 percent of these flights are operated with wide-bodied jets. There are also an average of approximately 31 non-scheduled passenger and cargo flights each week
The HK International Airport opened on 6 July 1998, it took six years and $20 billion to build. The airport was built on a largely artificial island reclaimed from Chek Lap Kok and Lam Chau. The two former islands that were levelled comprise about 25% of the surface area. It is connected to the northern side of Lantau Island near Tung Chung new town.
The airport's long term expansion opportunities would include a third runway, which is currently under feasibility study and consultation. As it stands now, the third runway would be very expensive as it would involve additional reclamation from deep waters, and the building cost of the third runway may be as high as the building cost of the entire airport. On the other hand, there exists only one airway between Hong Kong and mainland China, and this single route is often and easily backed up causing delays on both sides.